* The annual sessions of China’s top political advisory body and top legislature will convene soon.
* The rallies are heavyweights in the Chinese political calendar as the national agenda will be set for the year.
* This year’s meetings carry extra weight as 2021 has been a fresh start in China’s new quest to transform itself into a modern socialist country.
Aerial photo taken on Dec. 29, 2021 shows a photovoltaic power base in Xiangshan County of Ningbo City, east China’s Zhejiang Province. (Xinhua/Xu Yu)
BEIJING, March 2 (Xinhua) — As China, the world’s second-largest economy, races towards building a modern socialist country, the upcoming “two sessions” will once again show the world how the nation of 1.4 billion people is striving to achieve the goals.
The two sessions are the country’s annual meetings of the National People’s Congress (NPC), China’s top legislature, and the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, the national political advisory body. The rallies are heavyweights in the Chinese political calendar as the national agenda will be set for the year.
This year, the meetings carry extra weight, as 2021 has been a fresh start in China’s new quest to transform itself into a modern socialist country.
“Chinese people often say that we should win at the starting line. The year 2035 (the year of the goal to fundamentally realize socialist modernization) is not far away. We must seize every minute. And so it is even more critical to lay out plans and answer how to do better in this year’s two sessions,” said Zhou Hanmin, a national political adviser from Shanghai.
China remained a stabilizing anchor for the global economy in 2021, with gross domestic product (GDP) growth of 8.1%, the highest in about a decade.
Per capita disposable income in 2021 reached 35,128 yuan (about 5,545 U.S. dollars), an increase of 9.1 percent year on year in nominal terms.
The increase in income is tangible for Liu Jianming, deputy to the 13th NPC of Tangdi, a hilly village in east China’s Zhejiang province.
Liu, the village Party leader, led the locals to ride the wave of agrotourism and made Tangdi a popular tourist destination for market gardening.
Today, 95% of local residents are engaged in gardening-related industries, with per capita disposable income exceeding 110,000 yuan in 2021.
“Identifying a suitable industry is not enough to boost the economy in mountainous areas. We need talent to keep it thriving,” Liu said, admitting that even with rich plantation experience, industrial upgrading remains urgent. in Tangdi.
In the recently released “Core Document No. 1” for 2022, the first policy statement issued annually by China’s central authorities, key tasks were outlined to comprehensively advance rural revitalization this year.
Photo released on June 11, 2021 by the China National Space Administration (CNSA) shows a selfie of China’s first Zhurong Mars rover with the landing pad. (CNSA/Handout via Xinhua)
DRIVEN BY INNOVATION
Emphasizing high-quality development, China has made great efforts in innovation, industrial upgrading and cutting-edge technology.
China’s spending on research and development (R&D) in 2021 rose 14.2 percent year-on-year to 2.79 trillion yuan, hitting a new high of 2.44 percent of its GDP.
Over the past year, China has made marvelous technological breakthroughs.
China’s Mars probe Tianwen-1 landed on Mars in May, opening a new chapter in China’s space exploration. In October, China launched the crewed spacecraft Shenzhou-13, sending three astronauts to the core module of its Tianhe space station for a six-month mission.
Traditional manufacturing powers have accelerated their pace of transformation, coupled with a set of enabling policies. A legion of small but specialized companies have sprung up with greater visibility to cement the country’s industrial strength.
“Innovation will continue to be a key word in promoting China’s modernization,” said Chen Liang, a research associate at the Institute of World Economy of the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences. “I believe that in 2022, China will further improve the innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem and make new breakthroughs in science and technology innovation.”
Staff members oversee the operation of an automated packaging line for inactivated COVID-19 vaccine at Sinovac Life Sciences Co., Ltd. in Beijing, capital of China, Jan. 6, 2021. (Xinhua/Lu Ye)
MODERNIZATION OF GOVERNANCE
The COVID-19 pandemic, over the past two-plus years, has been a barometer of effective governance, and China is undoubtedly among the top performers.
China’s dynamic zero-COVID approach has provided maximum protection for the health of its people while minimizing the impact on their daily lives and economic growth.
The two annual sessions, in which national lawmakers and political advisers offer their wisdom on major issues, give foreigners a good chance to understand how the country is run.
During the two sessions last year, the NPC adopted amendments to two laws concerning its organization and working procedures: the organic law of the NPC and the internal regulations of the NPC.
Wang Chen, vice chairman of the NPC Standing Committee, said the amendment of the two laws is an institutional guarantee for upholding “integral democracy” and safeguarding the people’s role as rulers of the country.
IMPROVED ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT
The year 2021 is considered China’s “first year” towards carbon neutrality, which saw the release of a high-level design document to peak carbon emissions and achieve carbon neutrality and a action plan to reach a peak of carbon emissions before 2030.
By 2021, the country’s progress in reducing carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP has met the requirements of the 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-2025). While PM2.5 density decreased by 9.1% year-on-year, the share of days with good air quality increased to 87.5%.
The Yangtze River, China’s longest river, has also seen the water quality of its main course continue to improve.
Earlier in January, China rolled out a series of policies on marine environment protection, soil and groundwater pollution prevention and rural environment protection, showing its determination to make improvements. fundamental to the ecological environment.
Photo taken on Feb. 4, 2022 shows a cauldron holding the Olympic flame during the opening ceremony of the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics at the National Stadium in Beijing, capital of China. (Xinhua/Yang Lei)
GROWING CULTURAL EXCHANGES
The recent Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics were called a “truly outstanding” event by International Olympic Committee President Thomas Bach. The event, which attracted worldwide attention, was not only a grand ice and snow sports event, but also a valuable opportunity to introduce Chinese culture to the world.
Chinese culture over 5,000 years old has been incorporated into all aspects of the Winter Olympics, making the event extraordinary, said Chen Ning, head of the culture and ceremonies department of the Olympics organizing committee. Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics.
Through the Beijing Winter Olympics, China’s commitments to building a community with a shared future for mankind have also struck a chord around the world.
“The opening and closing ceremonies introduced the world to an authentic, lively, enthusiastic and culturally rich China, which not only promoted global cultural exchanges, but also brought new vitality to global culture,” said Mr. .Chen.
(Reporting by Ma Yujie, Xia Xiao, Xu Xiaoqing, Yin Xiaosheng and Fang Wenyu; video reporters: Yin Nan, Li Cheng, Liu Zongya, Gao Wencheng; video editors: Zhang Yucheng, Luo Hui, Cao Ying and Zhu Jianhui)■