Faux tax preparer will get six Covid-19 bailout loans price greater than $1 million |


His previous shoppers say he is a scammer who ran off with their cash, and a choose barred him from illegally masquerading as an authorized public accountant after authorities officers caught on to his scheme.

However none of that stopped James Polzin and corporations linked to him from searching for — and being granted — a minimum of six Covid-19 bailout loans and no credit check from the federal authorities within the early months of the coronavirus pandemic.

Regardless of the actual fact he’s not licensed or approved to organize taxes, in accordance with state and federal knowledge, Polzin was capable of safe round $1.2 million for tax companies and associated companies between April and June of final yr — all backed by the Small Enterprise Administration’s Paycheck Safety Program (PPP).

Whereas the federal government help efficiently helped many corporations keep afloat and pay staff throughout the pandemic, it has additionally been stricken by questionable lending and flat-out fraud.

Because the company begins to dole out a second spherical of bailout funds, Polzin’s case illustrates among the program’s vulnerabilities and exhibits simply how a lot work the federal government has to do if it needs to establish abuse of this system and maintain debtors accountable.

Beneath SBA guidelines, particular person companies have been solely imagined to obtain one PPP mortgage throughout the first section of this system. The company instructed CNN that whereas there have been no measures to display out fraud throughout the approval course of for the primary draw due to how rapidly the cash wanted to be distributed, the company has carried out greater than 80 fraud checks this time round.

Polzin, who has passed by a variety of totally different first names, utilized for among the loans underneath related enterprise names and addresses and sought funding from quite a lot of banks. One in all his corporations, which was additionally particularly cited by an Arizona choose as working unlawfully months earlier, acquired a number of loans regardless of utilizing the very same title on the purposes. This firm, Transparen CPAs, is now listed as inactive in state enterprise filings.

Earlier knowledge confirmed two extra loans Polzin’s corporations had been accepted for, price a minimum of $350,000, however these loans not seem as energetic. The SBA stated these loans may have been canceled, however couldn’t touch upon why. Additionally it is unclear whether or not Polzin has made repayments on any of the loans.

Every of Polzin’s six energetic loans have been for round $200,000. Beneath SBA guidelines, month-to-month payroll for these corporations mixed would have to be a minimum of $480,000 a month, or practically $5.8 million yearly. It’s unclear if his companies at present have any bodily operations or workers, and regardless of itemizing most as totally different corporations, Polzin reported the very same variety of workers, 16, for the entire entities that acquired loans and claimed to have a mixed month-to-month payroll of greater than $1 million.

In opinions on-line and accounts shared with CNN, former shoppers stated Polzin by no means really filed their taxes or filed them incorrectly after which disappeared after they paid him tons of of {dollars} for his providers — solely to later obtain alarming letters from tax authorities and enormous payments, together with penalties and unpaid taxes.

One former buyer stated she was by no means capable of monitor him down after being instructed she owed 1000’s of {dollars} in again taxes, penalties and curiosity, and a person from Germany stated his spouse’s naturalization is now in jeopardy due to the three years’ price of again taxes and late charges they ended up owing. Greater than 100 individuals at present belong to a personal Fb group known as “Victims of Ted/James Polzin at Transparen CPAs” the place they’ve shared horror tales and tried to assist one another monitor Polzin down.

After figuring out that Polzin was breaking the regulation by posing as a CPA, the Arizona State Board of Accountancy satisfied a choose to problem a everlasting injunction in January 2020 that barred Polzin from utilizing any title indicating that he or his companies are approved to apply as CPAs.

Polzin didn’t reply to a number of requests for remark. A CNN reporter visited the Arizona addresses listed for his varied companies, and a number of other have been residence buildings or homes the place nobody seemed to be dwelling. At one residence, somebody answered the door however stated Polzin was not there and he did not know when he could be again. One other tackle was positioned in a basement of a constructing amongst a row of places of work that have been all closed and locked — although there was an indication for Transparen CPAs on the door.

The SBA instructed CNN it couldn’t touch upon particular person debtors and that it’s as much as lenders who’re really giving out the cash to verify an applicant’s want and eligibility to obtain PPP loans, and the company often checks employer identification numbers to verify the identical entity hasn’t utilized for a number of loans.

The company additionally stated a evaluation of all loans accepted throughout the first spherical of funding resulted in additional than 200,000 loans, or practically 4%, being flagged — although the affected loans haven’t been publicly disclosed. These debtors won’t be eligible for extra funding this spherical or for mortgage forgiveness until they tackle the problems recognized, and so they might be referred for felony investigations if essential.

Former New Jersey Lawyer Common Christopher Porrino stated that an identical or similar-sounding entities receiving a number of giant loans ought to appeal to the eye of the federal authorities. He additionally stated that if Polzin is participating in criminal activity, akin to unlawfully posing as a CPA, receiving PPP cash could also be in violation of SBA laws.

“That is one thing that we might have taken an excellent laborious take a look at, and I think if the federal regulators are suggested of it, they’ll need to make inquiries,” stated Porrino, who now represents companies dealing with civil and felony expenses involving banking and shopper fraud.

The faux CPA

The web site for Polzin’s accounting agency, which has been taken down, claimed that Transparen Licensed Public Accountants provided “quick, easy and inexpensive tax submitting for US expats.” But, he’s not listed by the IRS as a licensed tax preparer, in accordance with company knowledge, and the Arizona State Board of Accountancy stated in a authorized submitting in opposition to him that it investigated him after being contacted by Chad Mangum, a tax preparer who had been employed by a former Polzin consumer to evaluation a tax return ready by Polzin.

“The tax return was a large number,” Mangum instructed the board, in accordance with the grievance, saying Polzin instructed his consumer the IRS would not care in regards to the irregularities on the return. “I’m extremely involved in regards to the misrepresentation of the CPA designation utilized by Ted/James/Thomas, in addition to his competence and authorized practices carried out for any people he’s in touch with. He appears to have an incorrect understanding of accounting practices and tax data.”

When contacted by CNN, Mangum described how he first turned alarmed about Polzin when he noticed him advertising and marketing himself to a big American expat neighborhood on Fb and seemed to be giving them tax recommendation that ran afoul of the regulation, based mostly on his conversations with a few of Polzin’s shoppers. He stated he locations among the blame on Arizona enterprise regulators for permitting Polzin to register a number of companies with CPA within the title regardless of not having the required licenses to make use of that title.

Accountancy Board paperwork present how one among Polzin’s relations instructed investigators that Polzin had been utilizing the relative’s expired CPA license quantity from one other state as his personal and that he had requested Polzin to cease utilizing his credentials. “I’ve communicated instantly with Ted and he’s apologetic for his errors…(he) assured me that he wouldn’t do this once more,” the relative additionally wrote in a message to Mangum cited by the investigation.

Officers have been unable to serve Polzin with the injunction, in a single case visiting his workplace final yr solely to seek out that the enterprise was closed — with somebody in the identical complicated saying that the workplace is nearly by no means open. This was the identical workplace that was closed when CNN tried to seek out him. As soon as Polzin is formally notified of the injunction, he may face fines and different penalties, together with felony expenses, if he continued to make use of the CPA designation.

PPP fraud was inevitable

Ethan Smith, an lawyer who has specialised in SBA lending and compliance for the final twenty years, stated that whereas he couldn’t speculate a couple of particular borrower, some degree of fraud throughout the program was inevitable. Each the SBA and lenders, he stated, have been underneath unimaginable strain to get an enormous amount of cash out inside a matter of weeks when the pandemic first hit.

“There was no method to put the controls in to ferret out [fraudsters] with out punishing individuals who weren’t committing fraud,” he stated. “At a sure level, it was an emergency. It wasn’t the right answer, nevertheless it was one of the best answer we may give you on the time.”

The Division of Justice has already filed a string of felony actions in opposition to debtors it says illegally gamed the system, akin to a 29-year-old Florida man who allegedly bought a Lamborghini with a few of his $3.9 million in PPP mortgage cash. In one other case, the DOJ alleges {that a} group of seven people raked in about $16 million in PPP funds via greater than 80 fraudulent mortgage purposes.

The SBA referred 91 instances to federal prosecutors for felony prosecution within the 2020 fiscal yr — a rise of greater than 700% from solely 11 referrals the prior yr, in accordance with knowledge from Syracuse College’s Transactional Data Entry Clearinghouse. The TRAC knowledge exhibits that prosecutors already declined to press expenses in a few of these instances, whereas others remained underneath evaluation.

Smith stated it is laborious to know simply how a lot fraud stays underneath the radar, and that, finally, it’s the federal authorities that can be on the hook if ineligible debtors abscond with the funds. He stated lenders have been instructed by the SBA to depend on a borrower’s self-certification to maneuver as rapidly as potential. In consequence, the standard backgrounding accomplished for conventional SBA loans didn’t apply to the PPP program.

Banks, Smith stated, have been in a tough scenario of not figuring out how a lot due diligence they need to do.

The SBA’s up to date on-line mortgage utility and servicing system will assist the company detect pink flags in actual time, earlier than a mortgage is accepted. “It will be more durable for the fraudsters to make it via the web,” stated Smith.

Whereas it’s extra more likely to catch mortgage purposes from the identical tackle or underneath the identical title throughout this second spherical of funding, it’s unclear whether or not it might mechanically uncover extra obscure warning indicators akin to injunctions.

Smith cautioned that fraudsters have additionally had time to organize extra subtle schemes to try to evade detection and stated he would not be shocked if fraud investigations have been nonetheless being launched years after the PPP program ends.

‘Fairly infuriating’

Betsy Livecchi, a former consumer of Polzin’s, was furious when she noticed his title in a web based search of PPP loans. She stated she moved from the US to Europe in 2018 when her husband took a educating place there, and the couple employed Polzin as a result of their taxes had turn out to be extra difficult. She paid him $400 and thought every thing had been dealt with till she heard from the IRS.

“Upon receiving a letter that we owed over $19,000 in again taxes, penalties and curiosity we tried to contact the person who supposedly ready them,” she stated, offering CNN with the letter from the IRS, a Fb Messenger change with Polzin, an bill and correspondence with the state accounting board. “In fact, we have now been unable.”

Livecchi then started researching Polzin herself, organising a whiteboard the place she mapped out his sprawling internet of companies and associates. She then discovered the injunction from the state courtroom in Arizona, and at last stumbled upon the a number of PPP loans he had obtained — saying she could not imagine that somebody together with his document certified for a single government-backed mortgage, not to mention six. Livecchi stated she filed a grievance with Arizona officers and the SBA inspector common.

One other former consumer, Peer Gopfrich, employed Polzin after shifting again to Germany from the US. He stated his German tax returns have been by no means filed, regardless that Polzin charged him for them and despatched him copies of the returns he claimed to have submitted, displaying that Gopfrich did not owe any further taxes.

However when his spouse utilized for naturalization in Germany, the federal government knowledgeable them that they owed three years’ price of again taxes and late charges to the German authorities, and his spouse’s utility had been positioned into jeopardy due to their delinquent standing. He stated the choice to rent Polzin ended up costing them an additional $3,000 (or roughly 2500 euros) — together with the quantity they paid him to file the taxes that have been by no means submitted, the late charges and curiosity they have been later hit with and the price of refiling.

On prime of all that, in addition they owed greater than $6,000 (or round 5,500 euros) in taxes, his data present.

“Listening to that the one that has cheated us out of our cash, probably jeopardized my spouse’s skill to stay in Germany and has a everlasting injunction in opposition to him in Arizona acquired over a million {dollars} in authorities assist is sort of infuriating,” Gopfrich stated.

CNN’s Bob Ortega contributed to this report.

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